How to install and configure PrestaShop on Ubuntu 14.04

How to install and configure PrestaShop on Ubuntu 14.04

Version 1.0

This document describes how to install and configure PrestaShop on Ubuntu 14.04.  PrestaShop is a free, open source e-commerce solution. It supports payment gateways such as DirecPay, Google Checkout, Authorize.Net, Skrill, PayPal, PayPal Payments Pro (Direct) and EBANX Checkout via their respective APIs. Further payment modules are offered commercially.

PrestaShop is available under the Open Software License and officially launched in August 2007. The software, which is written in PHP and based on the Smarty template engine, is currently used by 165,000 shops worldwide. MySQL is the default database engine. PrestaShop is the winner of the 2010 and 2011 Best Open-source Business Application awards.

I do not issue any guarantee that this will work for you!

1 Preliminary Note

This tutorial is based on Ubuntu 14.04 server, so you should set up a basic Ubuntu 14.04 server installation before you continue with this tutorial. The system should have a static IP address. I use as my IP address in this tutorial and as the hostname.  You must have a LAMP server installed in Ubuntu 14.04 as mentioned in the tutorial to continue further.

2 Download

Download the package PrestaShop

cd /tmp

apt-get install unzip

Extract the file in the /var/www/html folder

unzip -d /var/www/html/

Appropriate permissions for PrestaShop needs to be done, as follows:

chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/prestashop/

3 Database initialization

We need a database for PrestaShop, I will create  the database for the PrestaShop as follows:

mysql -u root -p

Here we are adding database=prestashopdb user=prestashopuser and password=prestashoppassword:

CREATE DATABASE prestashopdb;
CREATE USER prestashopuser@localhost IDENTIFIED BY ‘prestashoppassword’;
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES on prestashopdb.* to prestashopuser@localhost

Further moving ahead:


Restart services

service apache2 restart
service mysql restart

3 Web installation of PrestaShop

Now we will proceed with the PrestaShop web-installation. Open a browser of your choice and open the link http:

Select your language and press Next:

Select the check-box for accepting terms and conditions. Press Next:

Here setup will check your system-requirements for the PrestaShop, Press Next:


Now fill the entries as per your choice, as in my case I am using:

Shop name  :  Test-prestashop (Any name of your choice)
Main Activity  :  Computer and hardware ( As per your choice and requirement)
Country  :  Germany (Any value as per your choice)
First Name  :  Srijan (Any value as per your choice)
Last Name  :  Kishore (Any value as per your choice)
Shop password  :  howtoforge (Any value as per your choice)

Next we need to give the entries for the database to be used by PrestaShop, give the values as per the database created at your system. In m y case I will be using these values:

Database server address  :  localhost
Database name  :  prestashopdb
Database login  :  prestashopuser
Database password  :  prestashoppassword
Table prefix  :  ps_  or and value of your choice

After giving the values press Press your database connection now:

It will check the connectivity, after successful connection press Next:

It will initiate the installation.

The above screenshot shows the successful PrestaShop installation.

Next we need to remove the installation folder to proceed further, as follows:

rm -r /var/www/html/prestashop/install/

4 PrestaShop optimization

We can access the backend admin page of PrestaShop at URL

Put the credentials as selected at the time of installation. In my case it was and howtoforge.

It will be your default welcome screen.

Next Goto ADVANCED PARAMETERS, press Clear cache and  within CACHING select Use cache YES and press Save:

Now we are ready for the frontend, we can access it at

Congratulations! You now we have a fully functional PrestaShop instance on our Ubuntu 14.04 🙂

5 Links

How To Build PHP 5.6 (PHP-FPM & FastCGI) with Zend OPcache And APCu For ISPConfig 3 On Debian 7 (Wheezy)

How To Build PHP 5.6 (PHP-FPM FastCGI) with Zend OPcache And APCu For ISPConfig 3 On Debian 7 (Wheezy)


ISPConfig 3 has a builtin feature to support multiple PHP versions on one server and select the optimal PHP version for a website. This feature works with PHP-FPM and FastCGI. This tutorial shows how to build PHP 5.6 as a PHP-FPM and a FastCGI version on a Debian Wheezy server. These PHP 5.5 builds include Zend OPcache, and APCu.


1 Preliminary Note

I will install PHP 5.6.0, the latest PHP 5 version at the time of this writing. I will also show how to build some additional PHP extensions such as APCu and memcache. The ioncube loader is not available for php 5.6 at this time, so I will leave out that step.

Please note that PHP-FPM can be used on both Apache and nginx servers, while FastCGI is available only for Apache servers.

PHP-FPM and FastCGI are mutually exclusive in PHP 5.6, that’s why I show two ways of building PHP, one for PHP-FPM, one for FastCGI, however you can compile PHP twice to get both, one time with –enable-fpm and one time with –enable-cgi (make sure to use different base directories, such as /opt/php-5.6.0 for PHP-FPM and /opt/phpfcgi-5.6.0 for FastCGI).


2 Building PHP 5.6.0 (PHP-FPM)

Download and extract PHP 5.6.0:

mkdir /opt/php-5.6.0
mkdir /usr/local/src/php5-build
cd /usr/local/src/php5-build
wget -O php-5.6.0.tar.bz2
tar jxf php-5.6.0.tar.bz2

cd php-5.6.0/

Install the prerequisites for building PHP5:

apt-get install build-essential

apt-get build-dep php5

apt-get install libfcgi-dev libfcgi0ldbl libjpeg62-dbg libmcrypt-dev libssl-dev libc-client2007e libc-client2007e-dev

ln -s /usr/lib/libc-client.a /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libc-client.a

(The last command is needed if you build PHP with –with-imap, because otherwise ./configure will stop with the following error:

checking for crypt in -lcrypt… yes
configure: error: Cannot find imap library (libc-client.a). Please check your c-client installation.


Configure and build PHP 5.6.0 as follows (you can adjust the ./configure command to your needs, take a look at

./configure –help

to see all available options; if you use a different ./configure command, it is possible that additional libraries are required, or the build process will fail):

./configure –prefix=/opt/php-5.6.0 –with-pdo-pgsql –with-zlib-dir –with-freetype-dir –enable-mbstring –with-libxml-dir=/usr –enable-soap –enable-calendar –with-curl –with-mcrypt –with-zlib –with-gd –with-pgsql –disable-rpath –enable-inline-optimization –with-bz2 –with-zlib –enable-sockets –enable-sysvsem –enable-sysvshm –enable-pcntl –enable-mbregex –enable-exif –enable-bcmath –with-mhash –enable-zip –with-pcre-regex –with-mysql –with-pdo-mysql –with-mysqli –with-jpeg-dir=/usr –with-png-dir=/usr –enable-gd-native-ttf –with-openssl –with-fpm-user=www-data –with-fpm-group=www-data –with-libdir=/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu –enable-ftp –with-imap –with-imap-ssl –with-kerberos –with-gettext –with-xmlrpc –with-xsl –enable-opcache –enable-fpm

The last switch (–enable-fpm) makes sure this PHP version will work with PHP-FPM.

make install

Copy php.ini and php-fpm.conf to the correct locations:

cp /usr/local/src/php5-build/php-5.6.0/php.ini-production /opt/php-5.6.0/lib/php.ini

cp /opt/php-5.6.0/etc/php-fpm.conf.default /opt/php-5.6.0/etc/php-fpm.conf

Open /opt/php-5.6.0/etc/php-fpm.conf and adjust the following settings – in the listen line you must use an unused port (e.g. 8999; port 9000 might be in use by Debian’s default PHP-FPM already), and you must add the line include=/opt/php-5.6.0/etc/pool.d/*.conf at the end:

vi /opt/php-5.6.0/etc/php-fpm.conf

pid = run/
user = www-data
group = www-data
listen =

Create the pool directory for PHP-FPM:

mkdir /opt/php-5.6.0/etc/pool.d

Next create an init script for PHP-FPM:

vi /etc/init.d/php-5.6.0-fpm

#! /bin/sh
# Provides:          php-5.6.0-fpm
# Required-Start:    $all
# Required-Stop:     $all
# Default-Start:     2 3 4 5
# Default-Stop:      0 1 6
# Short-Description: starts php-5.6.0-fpm
# Description:       starts the PHP FastCGI Process Manager daemon
php_opts="--fpm-config $php_fpm_CONF"
wait_for_pid () {
        while test $try -lt 35 ; do
                case "$1" in
                        if [ -f "$2" ] ; then
                        if [ ! -f "$2" ] ; then
                echo -n .
                try=`expr $try + 1`
                sleep 1
case "$1" in
                echo -n "Starting php-fpm "
                $php_fpm_BIN $php_opts
                if [ "$?" != 0 ] ; then
                        echo " failed"
                        exit 1
                wait_for_pid created $php_fpm_PID
                if [ -n "$try" ] ; then
                        echo " failed"
                        exit 1
                        echo " done"
                echo -n "Gracefully shutting down php-fpm "
                if [ ! -r $php_fpm_PID ] ; then
                        echo "warning, no pid file found - php-fpm is not running ?"
                        exit 1
                kill -QUIT `cat $php_fpm_PID`
                wait_for_pid removed $php_fpm_PID
                if [ -n "$try" ] ; then
                        echo " failed. Use force-exit"
                        exit 1
                        echo " done"
                       echo " done"
                echo -n "Terminating php-fpm "
                if [ ! -r $php_fpm_PID ] ; then
                        echo "warning, no pid file found - php-fpm is not running ?"
                        exit 1
                kill -TERM `cat $php_fpm_PID`
                wait_for_pid removed $php_fpm_PID
                if [ -n "$try" ] ; then
                        echo " failed"
                        exit 1
                        echo " done"
                $0 stop
                $0 start
                echo -n "Reload service php-fpm "
                if [ ! -r $php_fpm_PID ] ; then
                        echo "warning, no pid file found - php-fpm is not running ?"
                        exit 1
                kill -USR2 `cat $php_fpm_PID`
                echo " done"
                echo "Usage: $0 {start|stop|force-quit|restart|reload}"
                exit 1

Make the init script executable and create the system startup links:

chmod 755 /etc/init.d/php-5.6.0-fpm
insserv php-5.6.0-fpm

Finally start PHP-FPM:

/etc/init.d/php-5.6.0-fpm start

As long as there are no pools in /opt/php-5.6.0/etc/pool.d, you will get this warning which you can ignore:

root@server1:/usr/local/src/php5-build/php-5.6.0# /etc/init.d/php-5.6.0-fpm start
Starting php-fpm [29-Aug-2014 13:21:12] WARNING: Nothing matches the include pattern ‘/opt/php-5.6.0/etc/pool.d/*.conf’ from /opt/php-5.6.0/etc/php-fpm.conf at line 528.

To enable the Zend OPcache, open /opt/php-5.6.0/lib/php.ini

vi /opt/php-5.6.0/lib/php.ini

… and add the following line at the end:


That’s it – if you like, you can now install some additional modules like APCu, memcache, memcached, and ioncube.

The APCu, memcache, and memcached modules can be installed through PEAR which we must install and initialize first:

apt-get -y install php-pear

cd /opt/php-5.6.0/etc

pecl -C ./pear.conf update-channels

APCu can now be installed as follows:

pecl -C ./pear.conf install channel://

Accept all default values. Afterwards, open /opt/php-5.6.0/lib/php.ini

vi /opt/php-5.6.0/lib/php.ini

… and add the line at the end of the file (you can also configure some additional APCu settings):

;apc.shm_segments = 5

The memcache extension can be installed as follows:

pecl -C ./pear.conf install memcache

Open /opt/php-5.6.0/lib/php.ini

vi /opt/php-5.6.0/lib/php.ini

… and add the line at the end of the file:


Reload PHP-FPM afterwards:

/etc/init.d/php-5.6.0-fpm reload

In ISPConfig 3.0.5, you can configure the new PHP version under System Additional PHP Versions. On the Name tab, you just fill in a name for the PHP version (e.g. PHP 5.6.0) – this PHP version will be listed under this name in the website settings in ISPConfig:

Go to the PHP-FPM Settings tab (the FastCGI Settings tab can be left empty) and fill out the fields as follows: